Courses

Completion & Workover
Reservoir Engineering
Well Stimulation

Hydraulic Fracturing in Unconventional Reservoirs


  1. Overview of Fracturing (1 hour)
    1. Impact of fracturing
    2. History of fracturing
    3. Consequences / concerns about fracturing
  2. Basic Rock Mechanics (1.5 hour)
    1. Fundamental concepts in elasticity
    2. Fracture mechanics
    3. Stresses in the earth
    4. Flow in porous media
    5. Poroelasticity
  3. Core analysis of shales (1 hour)
    1. Properties needed for fracturing
      1. Routine core analysis
      2. Geomechanical testing
    2. What is different about shales: Shale preservation
    3. Estimating shale petrophysical properties
      1. Porosity
      2. Permeability
      3. Fluid saturations
      4. Mineralogy / organic content from cores
    4. Fracture conductivity testing
    5. Imbibition and wettability testing
    6. Measurements on unconsolidated sands for frac packing
  4. Pre-frac formation evaluation (1.5 hour)
    1. Estimating stress magnitude
    2. Estimating stress orientation
    3. DFIT and pressure testing
  5. Drilling and completing horizontal wells for fracturing (1 hour)
    1. Drilling horizontal wells (special issues with muds and bits)
    2. Completion procedures for horizontal wells
    3. Plug and perf and ball drop methods for fracing
    4. Effect of wellbore trajectory
    5. Other special completions
  6. Fracturing fluids (1 hour)
    1. Slick water, polymers etc.
    2. Gelled fluids
    3. Energized fluids
    4. Comparison of performance (field data and models)
  7. Proppant selection (1 hour)
    1. Proppant types / properties
    2. Proppant conductivity
    3. Criteria for proppant selection
  8. Proppant placement (1 hour)
    1. Proppant transport in fractures
    2. Proppant settling
    3. Proppant placement in horizontal wells
    4. Hybrid and reverse hybrid fracturing
  9. Fracturing models and their application (2 hours)
    1. Existing models (2-D PKN, KGD, basic formulation)
    2. 3-D models (basic formulation)
    3. Fracturing models for horizontal wells
    4. Compositional effects
    5. Stress interference (single well)
  10. Fracturing pad drilled wells (2 hours)
    1. Workflow for pad fracture design
    2. Stress interference
    3. Zipper fracs
    4. Other pad fracturing technologies
  11. Fracture treatment design (1 hour)
    1. Practical use of models for fracture design
    2. Optimizing fracture design
    3. Frac length vs frac width
    4. Frac complexity vs transverse fractures
  12. Fractured well performance (1.5 hour)
    1. Productivity of horizontal / fractured horizontal wells
    2. Effect of fracture geometry and complexity
    3. Estimating well decline curves and EUR
  13. Well flowback and cleanup (1 hour)
    1. Where is the frac water
    2. Cleanup of fractures and matrix
    3. Role of IU fractures
    4. Improving fracture cleanup
  14. Fracture Diagnostics (1.5 hour)
    1. Microseismics
    2. Tracers
    3. Flowback water
    4. Pressure data
    5. Fiber optic data
  15. Refracturing (1 hour)
    1. Selecting candidate wells for refracturing
    2. Refracturing methods
    3. Models
    4. Field examples
  16. Environmental concerns (1 hour)
    1. Top ten list of concerns about hydraulic fracturing
Instructors Mukul Sharma
Date 11/08/2021
Location Live Streaming
Duration 20 Hours
Area Completion & Workover
Reservoir Engineering
Well Stimulation

Level Basic / Intermediate
Price Course: USD 1850 + IVA

Instructors Mukul Sharma
Date 11/08/2021
Location Live Streaming
Duration 20 Hours
Area Completion & Workover
Reservoir Engineering
Well Stimulation

Level Basic / Intermediate
Price Course: USD 1850 + IVA

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